What is

daruma

 internal displacement 

 ?

According to iDMC, internal displacement is the "forced movement of people within the country they live in". Triggers of this include human conflict and violence, natural disasters, and more recently climate change. Internally displaced persons (IDPs) refers to individuals or groups of individuals who involuntarily flee their place of residence to escape the dangers they face at home.

At Daruma, we specifically focus on addressing internal displacement in the context of those affected by natural disasters. These are people whose home has been completely destroyed, or damaged to the extent where it threatens their safety and lives. Some will also flee from the fear that their home will not withstand the entirety of the disaster. 

What can

 displaced people 

face?

For those who are able to take refuge in an evacuation centre, their main challenge 

comes from living in overcrowded spaces with strangers. These uncomfortable and unfamiliar conditions can lead to :

POST-TRAUMA STRESS

POST-TRAUMA STRESS

Conventional evacuation

centres offer no privacy or 

spaces where occupants can feel safe from strangers. A constant worry of valuables being stolen as well

as the lack of personal living

space all contribute to the

inability to reduce

stress levels.

RAPID DISEASE SPREAD

RAPID DISEASE SPREAD

The more people there are

in a confined space, the faster diseases and infections will spread. During the Kumamoto Earthquake

in 2016, unhygienic evacuation

centres caused a death toll

4 times larger than that of

the actual earthquake.

SLEEP DEPRIVATION

SLEEP DEPRIVATION

With so many people refuging 

together, centres are constantly 

noisy & restless. Living with babies & children in overcrowded spaces adds further disturbance. Ongoing

 fear of something happening

during the night may also 

prevent evacuees from

sleeping well.

SEXUAL

VIOLENCE

SEXUAL VIOLENCE

In evacuation centres, law 

enforcement does not protect the vulnerable. With nowhere to hide and

an already troubled mind, evacuees are at high risk to rape and sexual assault. During Hurricane Katrina,  100+ sexual violence cases were reported,

of which 93.2% were women

girls. This excludes

unreported cases.

But not all who are displaced will end up in evacuation centres. Some either by consequence or by choice will seek refuge in other forms of shelter. These include tents in makeshift settlements, personal vehicles, or in their damaged homes. Those who refuge in these shelters typically sacrifice better protection from the weather and access to resources and information for privacy and personal space.

How will daruma

 help 

 ?

Internal displacement is heavily linked to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). By improving the wellbeing of IDPs, we can help achieve these larger goals. Click the SDG goals below to learn more:

3

Good Health

& Well-being

5

Gender Equality

gender equality, sdg

6

Clean Water & Sanitation

10

Reduced Inequalities

11

Sustainable Cities & Communities

13

Climate Action