According to iDMC, internal displacement is the "forced movement of people within the country they live in". Triggers of this include human conflict and violence, natural disasters, and more recently climate change. Internally displaced persons (IDPs) refers to individuals or groups of individuals who involuntarily flee their place of residence to escape the dangers they face at home.
At Daruma, we specifically focus on addressing internal displacement in the context of those affected by natural disasters. These are people whose home has been completely destroyed, or damaged to the extent where it threatens their safety and lives. Some will also flee from the fear that their home will not withstand the entirety of the disaster.
For those who are able to take refuge in an evacuation centre, their main challenge
comes from living in overcrowded spaces with strangers. These uncomfortable and unfamiliar conditions can lead to :
But not all who are displaced will end up in evacuation centres. Some either by consequence or by choice will seek refuge in other forms of shelter. These include tents in makeshift settlements, personal vehicles, or in their damaged homes. Those who refuge in these shelters typically sacrifice better protection from the weather and access to resources and information for privacy and personal space.
How will daruma
Internal displacement is heavily linked to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). By improving the wellbeing of IDPs, we can help achieve these larger goals. Click the SDG goals below to learn more: